6 Steps for Prelicensed Therapists to Build Their Ideal Practice

This Was Me

On a mother-daughter movie date, I found my life anthem. We watched “The Greatest Showman,” a film about dreams, uniqueness, and belonging. I left the theatre mentally replaying the movie for the rest of the night, watched it again the next day, and put the soundtrack on repeat for weeks.

I was completely caught off guard with Keala Seattle’s “This is Me,” which deeply resonated with me as I’ve been struggling to build my practice as a prelicensed therapist. The chorus goes:

“When the sharpest words wanna cut me down
I’m gonna send a flood, gonna drown them out
I am brave, I am bruised
I am who I’m meant to be;

Look out, ‘cause here I come
And I’m marching on to the beat I drum
I’m not scared to be seen
I make no apologies;

Though I’ve met my fair share of naysayers, the harshest one spoke with my own voice.

  • Who do you think you are? You think you can actually DO something?

  • No one’s gonna listen to you – You’re not even licensed...You don’t even know how to do EMDR.

  • You think people are actually going to show up? Pay your fee? It’s too high.

Shame is no stranger to me. It interrupts my life as procrastination, comparison, envy, perfectionism, and overwork. Last summer, I broke down crying in my individual supervision, depleted, discouraged, and frustrated by having spun my wheels without much visible traction.

This Was Me 6 Months Later

Fast forward six months, my practice looks NOTHING like what it was ten months ago:

What do you feel when you see this?

The Sharpest Words that Cut Us Down

So many messages flood our minds, discouraging us from pressing onward:

  • You’re just a _______.”

  • “You don’t even have a license.” “

  • What do you have to offer?”

We slave away, trying to crank out the 3,000 hours as soon as possible at the expense of our (and our clients’) wellbeing, hoping that LICENSURE will end of this Sisyphic journey.


I don’t buy it. We teach our clients to build an internal locus of control, to be self-controlling, not others-control or others-controlled. Why should we as their therapists let OTHERS dictate what happens within OUR practices and lives? Sounds like porous boundaries.

The truth is, there’s no guarantee that things will get easier after licensure.
There’s no guarantee that your license will help you feel good about yourself.
There’s no guarantee that licensure will give you clarity about your ideal practice.

If there’s no guarantee, WHY WAIT? Why not take ownership of your practice NOW?

Not going to lie – it takes hard work, dedication, knock-downs, and bounce-backs. But this is what your clients do every day, right? You instill hope and celebrate their end-of-the-tunnel experiences while they’re still in it, right? Can you do this for yourself?

It’s possible to grow into who you’re meant to be before you get licensed.
It’s possible for you to hit your sweet spot before you get licensed.
You can create a practice that is thriving, successful, and enjoyable (!!!) before you get licensed.

6 Steps to Build Your Practice NOW

Here’s the roadmap of how I got here in ten months.

  1. Track your DATA.

  2. Know THYSELF.

  3. Know Thy WHY.

  4. Find your SWEET SPOT.

  5. Find your TRIBE.

  6. Learn the BUSINESS.

Print this out and tape it onto the wall in front of your desk.

Step 1: Track your DATA (Key Performance Indicators)

In her book, “From Clinician to Confident CEO” (2015), Casey Truffo calls this the “CEO Dashboard,” “a real time assessment of the key performance indicators (KPIs) of a business.” In therapist terms, it’s the intake and assessment process you do on your practice so that you can identify appropriate treatment goals, create treatment plans, and apply specific interventions.

The more you know about your clients, the better you can support them. Likewise, the more you know about your practice, the better you can improve it.

Action Item: On an Excel sheet (or paper), track the following information every month:

  • Current clients, fee, session frequency

  • Monthly client hours, revenue, average hourly fee

  • Sliding scale brackets - How many full-fee clients? 85% fee? 70%?

  • “Leads” – How many new potential clients? Referral source (word of mouth, Psychology Today, website)?

  • “Conversions” – Who became actual clients? Why/not? Fee? Scheduled?

  • Inactive clients – Why? Last contacted when?

  • Termination – Why (completed goals or premature)?

Ask yourself:

  • What’s working? How can I do more of that?

  • What’s hurting? How can I address that?

This process can feel mundane (and sobering) the first time you do it, but this one thing alone helps you identify what to start improving right away.

Step 2: Know THYSELF (Your Emotional Health)

The best therapists know who they are and who they are not. They’ve done their own personal work to enhance their security and manage their countertransference. The healthier we are emotionally, the healthier our practices will be.

Your practice reflects YOU, for better or for worse; like a major art project, the practice building process reflects both your glory and your mess. We wear our hearts on our websites, workshops, and networking for the whole world to see and critique. That’s why this process stirs up powerful, vulnerable emotions. Vulnerability hangover is a regular part of this process.

“I’m not scared to be seen; I make no apologies. THIS IS ME.”

What would your life and practice look like if this were to be true?

Action Item: Find a great therapist to accompany you on this journey.

Step 3: Know Thy WHY (Your Vision)

Your graduate school gives you the bare minimum tools to help general clients. Postgraduate CEU trainings provide more advanced techniques. However, neither give you your VISION for what you want your practice to look like, who you want to serve, and how. No one else can give you your vision – only YOU can fill that role.

If your vision is unclear, or if you’re doing busy work because everyone else seems to be doing it, you’re going to burn out.

March to the beat of your own drum, not anyone else’s.

Fortunately, you can create your vision RIGHT NOW, BEFORE YOU GET YOUR LICENSE. You may have already gotten this vision even before you entered grad school. You had a dream, mission, calling that brought you into this field – to address a specific problem, to serve a particular population, to meet a certain need. Now’s a good time to sharpen that image.

Don’t worry, your vision may change as you yourself transform, but the heart of it will remain the same. This vision is going to be the fuel to carry you through this journey. FILL YOUR TANK. DON’T RUN ON EMPTY. 

Action Item: Spend 30 minutes this week to DREAM. Write down what comes up:

  • What words or phrases describe you?

  • What brought you into this field?

  • What would a perfect client week look like for you? Who would you work with? How?

  • What would a perfect life look like for you?

Step 4: Find your SWEET SPOT (Your Ideal Client)

In baseball, the sweet spot is the point of the bat that, upon impact with the ball, requires the least energy input but maximizes the output. Your sweet spot is the where you do your best therapeutic work with the least cost in time, energy, and resources.

*Like your vision, it’s okay for your sweet spot to change over time!

Action Item: Write down a list of the most memorable clients, ones that stirred up the most emotions in you, both positive and negative.

  • Which clients makes you feel energized? Excited? Hopeful? At ease? What traits do they share? What topics are you good at or intrigue you (e.g., trauma, couples, eating disorders)? Write down whatever comes up – this is your sweet spot.

  • Who makes you feel depleted? Bored? Frustrated? Hopeless? What traits do they share? What topics make you feel stuck or bored? This is not your sweet spot.

Step 5: Find Your TRIBE (Your Community)

Private practice building means you work hard to become a business owner, taking great risks, bootstrapping, and hustling to make ends meet. You are solo-preneur trailblazing through the wilderness in pursuit of the Promised Land. No one has trodden your path before you, and it can feel lonely.

Interestingly, by virtue of this shared forerunner experience, we are not alone, even in our loneliness. You and I share the same types of struggles that haunt even seasoned private practioners.

Connect with other practice-building therapists either locally or online. Be each other’s safe haven; comfort and join together in times of need. Be each other’s secure base; empower each other to keep pushing forward. Beware of the naysayers who put out your fire because they’re threatened by your brightness. Avoid competition (lose-lose), pursue coopetition (win-win). 

Action Item: Look up Facebook groups for therapists (“Therapists in Private Practice,” “MFTGuide,” and region-specific therapist groups are good places to start). If you want an intentional practice building community, look into Practice of the Practice’s Next Level Practice Cohort or ZynnyMe’s Business School Bootcamp.

Step 6: Learn the BUSINESS.

In “From Clinician to Confident CEO,” Casey Truffo lists five roles that all private practices need to thrive: Clinical, Operational, Financial, Marketing, and Visionary. The Clinical role is covered by your graduate school and ongoing trainings. The Visionary role is covered by Step #3 (KNOW THY WHY).

So what about the Operational, Financial, and Marketing roles, which many therapists try to avoid? If you’re running your own business, there’s really no way around them – it comes with the territory.

This may seem daunting at first, but these three roles are inherently Clinical and Visionary and thus also within your reach. In fact, if you’ve done Steps #1-5, you’ve already started doing Step #6 as well.


Setting schedules, exchanging email or phone communications, and managing the facilities of your office is basically about boundaries, assertive communications, and hospitality, what you’ve already been doing in-session with your clients.

Action step: Track Your DATA (See Step #1) and make changes so that your operations is more effective/efficient according to who you are (Step #2: Know THYSELF), what you want your practice to look like (Step #3: Know Thy WHY), and who you work well with (Step #4: Find Your SWEET SPOT).


You(r practice) needs to be healthy first so that you can do what you do for the long haul. If you excel in all other areas but can’t afford to keep your practice open, you won’t help anyone (but potentially put yourself and your ideal clients at risk).

Your own money messages, family-of-origin experiences, and countertransference issues show up in how/whether offer sliding scales, raise your rates, or charge your no-show/late cancellation fees. If you overly offer sliding scale without considering the long-term impact, you may find yourself working many more hours to make ends meet, making it harder for you to be fully present with your clients. This means your own personal stuff could spill into your clients’ work.

Aren’t you trying to help your client build solid self-esteem and healthy boundaries? How can you model for them what holistic health looks like, even in finances?

Action Item: Track Your Data (See Step #1) and read Casey Truffo’s book, “Become a Wealthy Therapist” or watch ZynnyMe’s free training webinars. Make change in your fees and policies according to your vision (Step #3: Know Thy WHY).


The goal of marketing is to create a bridge between you and your ideal client. What good is it for you to be an excellent therapist in X, Y, or Z if no one knows you exist? If your clients can’t find you, you can’t serve them. It is our clinical imperative to make ourselves accessible and approachable to our (ideal) clients outside of our office as we do within sessions.

Despite what expectations or fears you may have about marketing (watch your self-talk!), the truth is, therapists make EXCELLENT marketers precisely because we deeply know our ideal clients – their pain, their strengths, their goals, their dreams. Therapists don’t like the idea of “selling” to clients because it feels “icky.” But if your services can really help your clients, would you deprive them of that because of your own discomfort? You have what they need; help them find you!

Be creative in your medium – coffee dates, Facebook/Instagram posts, workshops, and conversations in the break room are all fair game.

Action Item: Start with the low-hanging fruit and meet up with people you already have a great relationship with: colleagues, friends, family members, etc. (Step #5: Find Your TRIBE) and tell them who you love working with (Step #4: Find Your SWEET SPOT). Look into ZynnyMe’s Business School Bootcamp.

This is You

Private Practice is not for everyone. Each of the necessary roles – Clinical, Operations, Financial, Marketing, and Visionary – take time, resources, and energy to set up.

Fortunately, you don’t have to wait until licensure to build your practice. The minimum requirement is YOU – who you are, whom you love, how you work, and why. If you feel like you don’t know where to begin, go through Steps #1-6 in whatever order makes sense for you now.

  1. Track your DATA.

  2. Know THYSELF.

  3. Know Thy WHY.

  4. Find your SWEET SPOT.

  5. Find your TRIBE.

  6. Learn the BUSINESS.

Create more space to do what you really love to do – make a huge impact on the lives of your ideal clients, have balance and health in your professional and personal life, and set yourself up to make a great living, EVEN BEFORE LICENSURE. We who are in the private practice building realm – licensed or not – are in the same boat with you.